start a new debian

在下常年用debian做开发。最近买了个5手电脑,又一次装了系统,还是会遇到太多问题。太烦了,还是记下来吧!!!

前言

  • 系统:debian9
  • 用途:开发

开始吧

首先装debian9

有些问题在联网安装的情况下可能不会发生,但我一般都是断网装

软件源

aliyun

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cat <<eof > /etc/apt/sources.list

deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian stretch main non-free contrib
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian stretch main non-free contrib

deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian stretch-updates main non-free contrib
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian stretch-updates main non-free contrib
eof

us常用

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cat <<eof > /etc/apt/sources.list

deb http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ stretch main
deb-src http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ stretch main

deb http://security.debian.org/debian-security stretch/updates main
deb-src http://security.debian.org/debian-security stretch/updates main

deb http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ stretch-updates main
deb-src http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ stretch-updates main
eof

others

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# no no no

源设置完成后要update 一下

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apt-get update

创建文件夹

一个临时文件夹,操作都在该目录下执行,完后好一起删了
一个存放app的目录

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mkdir ~/applications/ -p
mkdir ~/tmp -p && cd ~/tmp

安装代理软件

apt一波

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apt-get install -y proxychains privoxy

ss

安装sslocal

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git clone https://github.com/uljjmhn555/ssinstaller
cd ssinstaller
./install
cd ..

配置sslocal

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vim /etc/shadowsocks/sslocal.json
# 然后修改相应的地方就

# 启动
systemctl start sslocal
systemctl enable sslocal

proxychains

配置

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vim /etc/proxychains.conf
## 翻到最后把[ProxyList]里的 socks4 xxxxx改为 socks5 127.0.0.1 1080
## 1080 为ss 的端口

privoxy

apt安装常用的软件

常用的,后续再加

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apt-get install -y vim git meld mysql-client curl gdebi net-tools

输入法fcitx

安装之前先看一看是否能正常切换,能切换则可以跳过安装部分

安装

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## 删除默认的
apt-get remove fcitx* -y
apt-get autoremove -y

## 重新安装
apt-get install fcitx fcitx-table-wbpy -y

## 这两个不晓得有没有用,只有下次试了
apt-get install fcitx-ui-classic fcitx-ui-light -y

完成后,记得把fcitx加入自启动
以kde 为例
设置系统设置开机和关机自动启动 里面添加

配置

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## 环境变量 ,以下5句也不晓得哪些有用,貌似记得是有些窗口不能用fcitx,加入以下变量后就可以了

cat <<eof >> ~/.bashrc
export LANG=zh_CN.utf8
export LANGUAGE=zh_CN
export GTK_IM_MODULE=fcitx
export XMODIFIERS=@im=fcitx
export QT_IM_MODULE=fcitx
eof

docker

docker 安装

参见官网

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sudo apt-get remove docker docker-engine docker.io containerd runc

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install \
apt-transport-https \
ca-certificates \
curl \
gnupg2 \
software-properties-common -y

curl -fsSL https://download.docker.com/linux/debian/gpg | sudo apt-key add -

sudo add-apt-repository \
"deb [arch=amd64] https://download.docker.com/linux/debian \
$(lsb_release -cs) \
stable"

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install docker-ce docker-ce-cli containerd.io -y

docker-compose安装

参见官网

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sudo curl -L "https://github.com/docker/compose/releases/download/1.24.0/docker-compose-$(uname -s)-$(uname -m)" -o /usr/local/bin/docker-compose

sudo chmod +x /usr/local/bin/docker-compose

加入常用用户到docker组

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sudo usermod -a -G docker $USER

## 更新组用户
sudo newgrp docker

配置

阿里云加速

修改data-root

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## 阿里云加速
sudo mkdir -p /etc/docker
sudo tee /etc/docker/daemon.json <<-'EOF'
{
"registry-mirrors": ["https://izuikcb5.mirror.aliyuncs.com"],
"data-root": "/path/to"
}
EOF
sudo systemctl daemon-reload
sudo systemctl restart docker

jetbrains tool box

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cd ~/tmp
wget https://download-cf.jetbrains.com/toolbox/jetbrains-toolbox-1.15.5387.tar.gz
tar -zxvf jetbrains-toolbox-1.15.5387.tar.gz
mv jetbrains-toolbox-1.15.5387 ~/applications/jetbrains-toolbox/

# 执行 jetbrains-toolbox/jetbrains-toolbox

virtualbox

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cd ~/tmp/
wget https://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/6.0.8/virtualbox-6.0_6.0.8-130520~Debian~stretch_amd64.deb
apt-get install -y linux-headers-$(uname -r) build-essential
### vboxconfig之前最好upgrade一下,并重启
apt-get upgrade -y
apt-get dist-upgrade -y

reboot
vboxconfig

chrome

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proxychains wget https://dl.google.com/linux/direct/google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb

sudo gdebi google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb

charles

这是官网
这是用apt 安装的,也可以直接下载

apt方式安装

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wget -q -O - https://www.charlesproxy.com/packages/apt/PublicKey | sudo apt-key add -

sudo sh -c 'echo deb https://www.charlesproxy.com/packages/apt/ charles-proxy main > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/charles.list'

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install charles-proxy

wget方式安装

下次用这个方式安装

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cd ~/tmp/
wget https://www.charlesproxy.com/assets/release/4.2.8/charles-proxy-4.2.8_amd64.tar.gz
tar -zxvf charles-proxy-4.2.8_amd64.tar.gz
cd mv charles ~/applications/

# 执行 bin/charles

xx

其它的,目前没有

telegram

teamviewer

这是官网

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proxychains wget https://download.teamviewer.com/download/linux/teamviewer_amd64.deb
dpkg -i teamviewer_amd64.deb

anydesk

这是官网

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cd ~/tmp/

# 用proxychains 代理有可能会快点
proxychains wget https://download.anydesk.com/linux/anydesk_5.1.1-1_amd64.deb
dpkg -i anydesk_5.1.1-1_amd64.deb

node

用nvm 安装

https://github.com/nvm-sh/nvm#installing-and-updating

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curl -o- https://raw.githubusercontent.com/nvm-sh/nvm/v0.38.0/install.sh | bash

cat <<eof >> ~/.bashrc
export NVM_DIR="$HOME/.nvm"
[ -s "$NVM_DIR/nvm.sh" ] && \. "$NVM_DIR/nvm.sh" # This loads nvm
[ -s "$NVM_DIR/bash_completion" ] && \. "$NVM_DIR/bash_completion"
eof

# 10
nvm install 10.16
nvm use 10.16

# 上面的10已经老了,现在 lts 都是14了
nvm install v14.17.0
nvm use v14.17.0

git cz

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npm install -g commitizen

npm install -g cz-conventional-changelog

echo '{ "path": "cz-conventional-changelog" }' > ~/.czrc

code-server

https://github.com/cdr/code-server/blob/main/docs/guide.md#2-install-code-server

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curl -fsSL https://code-server.dev/install.sh | sh


sudo systemctl enable --now code-server@$USER

修改配置文件

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vim ~/.config/code-server/config.yaml

sudo systemctl restart code-server@$USER

termius

这是官网

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cd ~/tmp/

wget https://www.termius.com/download/linux/Termius.deb

sudo dpkg -i Termius.deb

apt-get install -f

# 应该用 gdebi Termius.deb 应该也可以,下次试试

git工具

我习惯用 meld

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# diff
git config --global diff.tool meld

git config --global difftool.meld.cmd "meld \"\$LOCAL\" \"\$REMOTE\""

# merge
git config --global merge.tool meld

python

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curl https://pyenv.run | bash

将以下写入 .bashrc

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export PATH="$HOME/.pyenv/bin:$PATH"
eval "$(pyenv init -)"
eval "$(pyenv virtualenv-init -)"

# 目前重庆这边不支持ipv6,如果报相关错误就把这条加上
export PYTHON_CONFIGURE_OPTS="--disable-ipv6"

或一句命令

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cat <<EOF >> ~/.bashrc
export PATH="$HOME/.pyenv/bin:$PATH"
eval "$(pyenv init -)"
eval "$(pyenv virtualenv-init -)"
export PYTHON_CONFIGURE_OPTS="--disable-ipv6"
EOF

其它问题

https://github.com/pyenv/pyenv/wiki/common-build-problems

typora

https://www.typora.io/#linux

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wget -qO - https://typora.io/linux/public-key.asc | sudo apt-key add -
# add Typora's repository
sudo add-apt-repository 'deb https://typora.io/linux ./'
sudo apt-get update
# install typora
sudo apt-get install typora

Atom

安装

https://atom.io/

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wget https://atom.io/download/deb -o atom-amd64.deb

sudo dpkg -i atom-amd64.deb

sudo apt-get install -f

sudo dpkg -i atom-amd64.deb

配置

先暂时用别人的,后面写个专题

https://www.cnblogs.com/fanzhidongyzby/p/6637084.html

待续

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